When we say an emergency condition, we mean that the patient needs attention as soon as possible, or else the condition will become life threatening or cause irreversible damages.
Even within emergency cases, they are categorised into severe and less severe cases, some need to be address in minutes, some within the hour, and some within a few hours.
The most pressing or urgent are conditions that affect the airway. Under these conditions, you may see the animal trying very hard to breath, tongue may become purple or pale, panting hard, unwilling to move, and sometimes even become unconscious. These animals need immediate vet care, and you should go to the closest clinic.
The next level of emergency includes conditions like haemorrhage, seizures, fractures, and inability to urinate, although these might have longer time than the previous category, these problems still need urgent care as well. Vets usually would want to identify the cause of these problems and have a good control as soon as possible and stabilise the patient.
There are a few conditions that many owners do not realize are emergencies. These include things like eye problem, fracture, or seizures. I am not saying all eye problems are emergencies, but the consequence of delaying treatment may be detrimental. Or in seizure cases, most owners think that when the seizure stops and animal recovers, so there is no need to visit the vet; however, in reality, seizure can be life threatening and should be addressed immediately.
So if in doubt, you should call the clinic or bring you beloved animal to your vet.
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